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Abstract

Comparison of the Effect of Noise Levels on Stress Response in Two Different Operation Groups in an Orthopedic Surgery Room


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Authors
Hasibe Gül Baytan Yıldız, Sanem Cakar Turhan , Feyhan Okten, Enver Ozgencil, Filiz Tuzuner

J Clin Anal Med 2017;8(2):116-121
doi:10.4328/JCAM.4752

Abstract
Aim: The aim of this randomized, single-blinded study was to evaluate the effects of noise on hemodynamic and neuroendocrine stress response by measuring the level of noise in the surgery rooms of patients undergoing knee operations under neuroaxial anesthesia. Gereç ve Yöntem: We compared patient responses from two groups of patients: those undergoing knee operations in a surgery room where the noise level (measured in decibels) is high, and those undergoing meniscus operations in a surgery room with lower noise levels. The STAI, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-1), and the anxiety test (STAI-2)wereperformed at preoperative and postoperative periods. 20 ml of blood sample was taken for basal, intraoperative 30th minute, and postoperative 1st hour measurements. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressures were found to be higher in the high noise level group. ACTH levels were increased during the early postoperative period and became normal during the late postoperative period in the high noise level group whereas ACTH levels were significantly decreased in the low-noise level group. Basal cortisol levels were significantly higher in the high noise level group. HCRP, an inflammatory response mediator was found to be decreased in both groups. Early and late blood glucose levels were significantly higher in the high noise group. There was a greater increase in early and late blood glucose levels in the high noise group. In the postoperative period, although the state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI-2) levels being higher in patients subject to noisier environment determines how people feel independent of the conditions and state they are in, this result made us consider that the noise the patients were subjected to in the intraoperative period may cause a stress response. Discussion: As a result we believe that standard noise levels should be achieved by reducing the factors causing high noise levels in the operating room. This will provide better sedation, less drug consumption, and better metabolic control.

Keywords : ACTH, Anxiety, Cortisol, Neuroendocrine Stress Response,

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How to Cite :
Hasibe Gül Baytan Yıldız, Sanem Cakar Turhan , Feyhan Okten, Enver Ozgencil, Filiz Tuzuner, Comparison of the Effect of Noise Levels on Stress Response in Two Different Operation Groups in an Orthopedic Surgery Room , J Clin Anal Med 2017;8.(2):116-121