Aim: In this study, it was aimed to analyze the cases who applied due to blunt chest trauma and was diagnosed with rib fracture, and to examine the regional differences likely to appear in trauma cases and treatment approaches. Material and Methods: 513 cases, who applied to the Emergency Service and Department of Thoracic Surgery between October 2013 and December 2014 due to blunt trauma and were diagnosed with rib fracture, were retrospectively examined. The cases were evaluated in terms of etiological factors, thoracic and other system injuries accompanying the rib fracture, prognosis and the treatments applied.Results: Isolated rib fracture was present in 266 of the cases. Thoracic organ injuries such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, hemopneumothorax, lung contusion or laceration and sternal fracture accompanying the rib fracture were present in 247 of the cases. While one or two rib fractures were detected in 298 cases, six or more rib fractures were present in 28 cases. 78.2% of hemothorax cases, 85.3% of pneumothorax cases, 95.4% of hemopneumothorax cases, 81.8% of bilateral pneumothorax cases, 26% of bilateral hemothorax cases, and 71.4% of bilateral hemopneumothorax cases were treated by applying tube thoracostomy. 129 cases diagnosed with thoracic organ injury in addition to rib fracture but not subjected to surgical intervention and 266 cases diagnosed with isolated rib fracture were discharged with full recovery after appropriate medical treatment.Discussion: As a result, most of the rib fractures occurring due to blunt trauma utilize medical treatments and conservative approaches and do not need advanced surgical treatments.