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Abstract

Clinical and Demographic Properties of Hand-Foot and Mouth Disease


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Authors
Alaaddin Yorulmaz, Nuran Karaca Onat

J Clin Anal Med 2017;8(3):219-222
doi:10.4328/JCAM.4821

Abstract
Aim: Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD), which is caused by agents of the enterovirus family, leads to skin and mucosa lesions as well as non-complicated systemic infection. In the present review, we aimed to determine clinical characteristics and seasonal distribution of the patients diagnosed with HFMD. Material and Method: The patients referred and diagnosed with HFMD through dermatological and physical examinations between April, 1, 2014 and May, 31, 2016 were reviewed in terms of demographic data, complaints and physical findings. The statistical analysis was performed by %u201CSPSS for Windows 13%u201D, descriptive analysis was performed, and minimum-maximum values and standard deviations were calculated. The Mann Whitney U test was used. Values of p<0.05 were accepted as statistically significant. Results: Ninety two patients who were referred to top pediatrics and dermatology departments were diagnosed with HFMD. The mean age of the patients was 5.08 years (10 months-16 years). Fifty seven patients were male (61.90%), and 35 patients were female (38.10%). The most common symptoms at referral were rash (100%) and mild fever (72.82%). Rashes were found on the hands and feet (100% of patients), on the oral mucosa (92.39%), and in the gluteal region (56.52%). The disease appeared most commonly during summer and autumn. Discussion: Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease is a viral disease that appears most often in children of 5 years of age and younger. Clinical findings are sufficient for the diagnosis and symptomatic treatment is adequate for the cases without severe involvement. The disease is common during the summer but recently, due to seasonal variations, it has also become apparent during autumn, as well. It is important to inform the patients and their relatives about routes of transmission and the isolation methods required.

Keywords : Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease, seasonal variations, rashes,

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How to Cite :
Alaaddin Yorulmaz, Nuran Karaca Onat, Clinical and Demographic Properties of Hand-Foot and Mouth Disease, J Clin Anal Med 2017;8.(3):219-222