Spermiogram test results of patients presenting to our IVF center due to infertility
Zeynep Öztürk Öztürk Inal, Hasan Ali Inal, Emine Aksoy, Hasan Küçükkendirci
J Clin Anal Med 2017;8(5):365-369
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the semen samples of patients who had presented to our andrology laboratory for spermiogram analysis, according to the WHO 2010 criteria. Material and Method: Spermiogram tests of 10,153 patients who had presented to our andrology laboratory between January 2010 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The cases were classified as normozoospermia, oligozoospermia, severe oligozoospermia, teratozoospermia, astenozoospermia, oligoastenoteratozoospermia, and azoospermia. Age, body mass index (BMI), marital status, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, drug abuse, fast food consumption, cellular phone use, and history of previous varicocele surgery were evaluated as well. Results: The distribution of 10,153 admissions across years was as follows: 2010: 574; 2011: 1,118; 2012: 1,583; 2013: 2,008; 2014: 2,346; and 2015: 2,524. 9,219 of the participants (90.80%) were married. All were between 17-65 years of age; the mean age was 37.73±14.04. The mean BMI was 25.79±4.03. 4,715 (46.44%) of the presenting individuals were smokers, 67 (0.66%) used alcohol, and 693 (6.82%) were smokers and alcohol users. Only 14 (0.13%) had drug abuse. 3,298 (32.48%) consumed fast food and 9,997 (98.46%) used cellular phones. 1,827 (17.99%) had a history of varicocele surgery. According to the WHO 2010 criteria, 4,330 (42.56%) had normozoospermia, 1,952 (19.22%) had teratozoospermia, 1,238 (12.20%) had oligoastenoteratozoospermia, 807 (7.94%) had severe oligozoospermia, 759 (7.48%) had astenozoospermia, 717 (7.06%) had azoospermia, and 351 (3.45%) had oligozoospermia. Discussion: Our data demonstrate an increase in male infertility over the period of the study, and further studies are needed to illuminate the causes of this increase and the preventable factors.
Male infertility, Spermiogram, WHO 2010,
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Zeynep Öztürk Öztürk Inal, Hasan Ali Inal, Emine Aksoy, Hasan Küçükkendirci, Spermiogram test results of patients presenting to our IVF center due to infertility , J Clin Anal Med 2017;8.(5):365-369