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Frequency and affecting factors of premenstrual syndrome among Turkish female university stu-dents

Ruhusen - Kutlu, Nur Demirbaş, Fatma Dağısta

J Clin Anal Med 2017;8(5):416-420

Aim: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical, cognitive, affective, and behavioral symptoms that occur cyclically during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and resolve quickly at or within a few days of the onset of menstruation. Material and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 403 female students attending education and training in %u2026%u2026.. between for three months in 2014-20152014 and 2015 years. The questionnaire included items on students%u2019s sociodemographic-demographic and menstrual pattern characteristics, concerning their age at menarche, menstrual cycle length, and regularity. The menstrual period properties of her their mothers were recorded on a pre-prepared form by the researchers. Premenstrual syndrome scale (PMSS) was used to define the severity of symptoms and the presence of PMS. Results: The mean age of the students who participated inof the study was 20.67±1.95 age (18-27 years). The mean score of Premenstrual Syndrome Scale was 105.97±30.45 (44-194). The frequency of PMS was found as 56.6% in this study. When PMS and menstrual features were compared, there was found statistically a statistically significant relationship between age (p=0.037), duration of menstruation (p=0.016), and the presence of PMS. Positive direction and very high correlation was found between PMS total score and fatigue, irritability, and depressive thoughts (r=0.826, r=0.788, r=0.833 p<0.000), respectively. Discussion: In this study, the mean score of PMS was found high among the university students. Efforts should be spent made to increase the awareness towards of premenstrual syndrome seeing more common among university students and educate them about how to cope with it. initiatives should be planned for students on teaching methods that can be used to cope with.

Keywords : Premenstrual syndrome, University students, Affecting factors, Premenstruel syndrome scale ,

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How to Cite :
Ruhusen - Kutlu, Nur Demirbaş, Fatma Dağısta, Frequency and affecting factors of premenstrual syndrome among Turkish female university stu-dents , J Clin Anal Med 2017;8.(5):416-420