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Abstract

Is there any somatosensory amplification in patients with irritable bowel syndrome?


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Authors
Önder .. Tugal, Yarkın Özenli, Cengiz Cengisiz, Kenan Topal, Burcak Taşdoğan, Banu Kara, Ceyhun Can

J Clin Anal Med 2017;8(Suppl 4):-
doi:10.4328/JCAM.4937

Abstract
Aim: Irritable bowel syndrome, once thought to be a type of somatization, is now regarded as a disorder taking its place among functional gastrointestinal diseases. Even though the etiologic mechanism underlying irritable bowel syndrome is not precisely understood, it is thought to be a disorder of the brain-bowel axis. The aim of this study is to compare and evaluate the depression, anxiety symptoms, and the amplification of physical symptoms in a group of Irritable Bowel Syndrome patients and patients referred from other clinics who consulted to the Department of Psychiatry. Material and Method: The study group consists of 292 cases in total: 158 patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and referred to the department of psychiatry, 79 patients coming from Other Clinics (Neurology, General Surgery, and Emergency) for Consultation (OCC), and a control group of 55 healthy volunteers. The Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) was used to measure the exaggerated physical perception of somatosenses. For establishing the symptoms of anxiety and depression, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) was applied only to the patient groups. Results: When compared to the OCC patient group and the control group, the SSAS scores of the IBS patient group were found to be statistically higher and significant by one-way ANOVA test (F:43.141, p=0.000). The difference of HAD-A and HAD-D subscale results between the IBS and OCC groups was not found to be statistically significant (p>0.05). Discussion: It was shown that the patients referred to the department of psychiatry for consultation would probably have exaggerated perception of somatosenses; in particular, some consultation groups such as those with IBS perceived more amplification of somatosenses.

Keywords : Irritable bowel syndrome, Somatosensory amplification, Depression, Anxiety,

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How to Cite :
Önder .. Tugal, Yarkın Özenli, Cengiz Cengisiz, Kenan Topal, Burcak Taşdoğan, Banu Kara, Ceyhun Can, Is there any somatosensory amplification in patients with irritable bowel syndrome? , J Clin Anal Med 2017;8.(Suppl 4):-