Aim: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is increasingly recognized as a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The prevalence and mortality of COPD have increased through years. This study was conducted to explore the prevalence of COPD in the central Bolu province of Turkey.
Material and Methods: Pulmonary function testing (PFT) was performed on 500 subjects above the age of 35 years who were selected randomly using ‘Family Identification Cards’ in each governor office in central Bolu. Of the 500 subjects, 285 (57.0%) were male. The diagnostic criteria of Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) with spirometry was used to diagnose COPD.
Results: The prevalence of COPD was found to be 8.6% (43 of 500 subjects). None of the diagnosed subjects had stage 1 disease in terms of GOLD stage definition. Stage 2, stage 3, and stage 4 diseases were found in 34.9%, 41.8%, and 23.3% of COPD-diagnosed subjects, respectively. Smoking history was positive in 42 of 43 subjects with COPD (97.7%). In terms of all subjects, COPD was diagnosed in 9.8% of males (28 of 285) and 6.9% of females (15 of 215).
Conclusion: COPD was defined as a significant public health problem in Bolu province of Turkey.