Aim: This research was performed on patients diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Şırnak province center to explore the relation between COPD and blood types.
Material and Methods: Pulmonary function tests were performed on 1000 patients over the age of 30 who were randomly selected from the patients residing in the city center of Şırnak. 570 (57%) of the participants were male and 430 (43%) were female.
Results: When combined with the Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria, the prevalence of COPD was 10.1% (101 patients). Disease stages were mild in 1.98%; moderate in 27.72%; severe in 43.56%; and very severe in 26.74% of COPD patients. COPD was diagnosed in 11.92% (68 patients) of men and 7.67% (33 patients) of women participating in the study. The blood types of 93 patients with COPD from the group of 101 were retrospectively reached from hospital records. Patients were classified according to ABO blood type data. As a result, it was found that COPD was more common in patients with blood type A. According to ABO blood types distribution of our cases with COPD were as follows: 39 patients (42%) were type A, 26 patients (28%) were type B, 17 patients (18%) were type AB and 11 patients (12%) were type O.
Conclusion: A conclusion is reached revealing the association of blood type with COPD risk factors, which was mentioned in much of the corpus of medical literature.