~~Aim: The aim of this prospective study was to provide an estimation of the 10-year probability of the four major osteoporotic fractures using fracture risk evaluation scale (FRAX) and to review the risk factors for osteoporosis in males and females aged over 50 years in Erzurum, Turkey.
Materials and Methods: An evaluation was made 1254 patients who presented at the Outpatient Clinics of State Hospital in 2013. Taking the risk factors and BMD values into consideration, and using the FRAX risk evaluation scale, the 10-year major osteoporotic (MO) and hip fracture risks were evaluated for all the participants.
Results: While a significant difference was seen between the genders in respect of measurements of the OP major risk fracture with BMD determined as mean 7.4% in females and 5.77% in males, and without BMD, as 8.27% in females and 4.59% in males and without BMD, the hip fracture risk was 2.92% in females and 1.91% in males (p=0.016, p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively), no significant difference was determined in the hip fracture risk with BMD at 2.62% in females and 3.05% in males (p=0.517). With an increase in BMI, there was a decrease in the OP risk (p<0.001). With BMD, the MO fracture risk groups were formed of 84.5% low risk, 10.5% moderate risk and 5% high risk.
Conclusion: If BMD values were taken as the basis for medical treatment in Turkey, the use of scanning tests and fracture risk evaluation scales such as FRAX would be useful. However, to be able to better determine the extent of OP and the fracture risk in the general population and maybe to be able to determine threshold values which may be different in our own populations, there is a need for further multi-centre studies including greater numbers of patients.