Background: Malnutrition is a clinic and pathological condition resulting from inappropriate intake of one or more nutrients to disrupt the body's physiological and metabolic balance. It is one of the most common health problems in developing countries and affects mostly children between the ages of six months and five years.
Methods: A one-day cross-sectional survey was completed in all Pediatric Clinics of Emel Mehmet Tarman Children Health and Illness Hospital on May 16, 2017. Nutritional status of patients were evaluated.
Results: 59/120 (49.1%) patients were female, 61/120 (50.9%) patients were male, and the age of patients range between 1 month and 18 years and 4 months.
58 (48.3%) cases were between 1-24 months, 22 (18.3%) cases were between 2-6 years, 16 (13.3%) cases were between 6-10 years and 24 (20%) were between 10-18 years and 4 months. 25/120 (20, 8%) patients had malnutrition according to the Waterlow classification. Acute malnutrition was detected in 12 (48%) of 25 malnourished patients. Seven of the 12 patients (58.8%) had mild, 4 had moderate (33,3%), and 1 (8,3%) had severe malnutrition. 4/25 (16%) patients had chronic malnutrition, 3/4 (75%) had severe and 1/4 (25%) had moderate chronic malnutrition. 9/25 patients (36%) had chronic malnutrition with acute decompensation.
Conclusion: High rates of malnutrition were detected in hospitalized patients, therefore nutritional status should be carefully assessed at the moment of hospitalization to reduce the mortality rate, and patients should be given nutritional support.