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Abstract

Factors affecting mortality in rectus sheath hematoma: A retrospective study


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Authors
Nezih Akkapulu, Ilker Murat Arer, Abdirrahman Sakulen Hargura , Murat Kus, Hakan Yabanoglu, Huseyin Ozgur Aytac

J Clin Anal Med 2018;9(1):69-72
doi:10.4328/JCAM.5453

Abstract
Aim: Rectus sheath hematoma is a rare clinical condition. Because it could mimic various intra-abdominal pathologies suspicious approach and attention is needed for proper diagnosis and management of rectus sheath hematoma. The aim of this study is a review of factors affecting mortality in patients with rectus sheath hematoma besides clinical features, diagnosis modalities, treatment periods and results of patients with rectus sheath hematoma. Material and Methods: Twenty-three patients with rectus sheath hematoma from January 2012 to March 2017 in a tertiary care center were included in the study. Patients' files were reviewed retrospectively. Reviewed variables were demographic and clinical features, symptom and findings, co-morbidities, medications, laboratory findings, diagnostic modalities, APACHE II scores, treatment approaches, transfused blood products and length of hospital stay. Results: Fifteen (65.2%) of the patients were women, and 8 (34.8%) of the patients were men. The mean age was 61.9 ±13.5. Seventeen (74%) of the patients had abdominal pain. Twenty (87%) of the patients had anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy.The mean hematoma diameter was 6.3± 3.6 cm. The mean APACHE II score for the patients was 13.1±7.3. One patient had undergone surgery. There was mortality in 3 (13%) of the patients. The median length of stay in hospital was 5 (5) days. Discussion: The diagnosis of rectus sheath hematoma should be kept in mind while assessing old female patients and patients on anticoagulants with a complaint of abdominal pain. In our study, we identify risk factors such as higher APACHE –II scores, the presence of a transient ischemic attack, need for transfusion of more units of packed erythrocytes and more extended hospital stay as factors associated with mortality.

Keywords : Rectus Abdominis, Hematoma, mortality,

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How to Cite :
Nezih Akkapulu, Ilker Murat Arer, Abdirrahman Sakulen Hargura , Murat Kus, Hakan Yabanoglu, Huseyin Ozgur Aytac, Factors affecting mortality in rectus sheath hematoma: A retrospective study, J Clin Anal Med 2018;9.(1):69-72