Comparing and Studying Post-Rhinoplasty Operation Sore Throat in Oral-Pharyngeal Pack and Nasopharyngeal Pack Methods
Introduction: Rhinoplasty is one of the most common types of plastic surgery. The recent years in Iran have witnessed a significant growth in the number of rhinoplastic surgeries, as a result, putting this country in the top global ranking. Bleeding and sore throat are the most common complications during and after rhinoplasty. Sore throat is a common post-operation complaint among patients. This sore throat is probably caused as result of different techniques utilized by anesthesiologists. The present research seeks to compare the frequency and level of sore throat in oral-pharyngeal pack and nasopharyngeal pack methods among patients undergoing rhinoplastic elective operation.
Materials and Method: This is a clinical trial research where as many as 76 female patients older than 18 who had resorted to private operation centers for elective rhino plastic surgery were studied. Having determined the exclusion and inclusion criteria for the participants, they were divided into two equal groups. Pain measurement numerical scale system was used to measure pain score in recovery, while direct questioning was utilized 12 hours later. Complications such as coughing, vomiting and nausea and patientís status during recovery period and 12 hours after operation were also documented. The results were analyzed using SPSS v.17. Chi-square test (a non-parametric statistical test) was utilized to study the data. The level of significance in this research (P-value) was set below 0.05.
Results: The results indicate a statistically significant difference between different types of packs used in rhinoplasty in terms of clinical complications such as the level of sore throat, coughing, nausea, and vomiting (p-Value < 0.05). According to the results achieved in this research, it turned out that utilizing nasopharynx could result in a significant reduction of coughs, sore throat, nausea, and vomiting among those patients undergoing rhinoplastic surgery. Furthermore, a better state of recovery was observed among those individuals utilizing nasopharynx compared to those who had used oral-pharyngeal pack.
Conclusion: Considering the results achieved in this research, it is concluded that nasopharynx pack has a better performance in preventing severe sore throats and other complications of rhinoplastic surgery.