Effect of Web-based education on knowledge and preventive behaviors of Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) among high school girls in Iran
Aim: Iron deficiency anemia is one of the largest public health problems in the world, especially in developing countries. Adolescent girls are among high-risk groups so that 25% of students suffer from iron deficiency anemia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of web-based education on the knowledge and preventive behaviors on iron deficiency anemia among high school girls.
Material and Method: the present study was an interventional study conducted on the 104 high school girl students, who randomly placed in two control and experimental groups (52 people in each group) in 2016. Experimental group received Web-based education. Data were collected through a questionnaire and conducting Hemoglobin (Hb) and Serum Ferritin(SF) experiments before and 4 months after the intervention. The results were analyzed using the statistical Chi square, paired t-test independent t-test through SPSS-19.
Results: before educational intervention, the mean score of knowledge and preventive behaviors of iron deficiency anemia in both groups was not significantly different (P>0.05). However, significant increase was observed in experimental group compared to the control group after education (P<0.001). The rate of ferritin and hemoglobin in the experimental group increased compared to before the study (P<0.001), while significant increase was not seen in the control group (P>0.05).
Discussion: The results of this study showed that Web-based education program improves awareness and preventive behaviors of iron deficiency anemia if girl adolescents. In addition, it had positive impact on improving the rate of Hb and serum ferritin in them.