Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of group physiotherapy and individual physiotherapy in reducing anxiety and increasing general health in patients with Spinal-Cord-Injury (SCI).
Materials and methods: This study is an experimental study conducted on 40 SCI patients. We assigned patients randomly to two groups: group physiotherapy (n=20) and individual physiotherapy (n=20), then conducted group physiotherapy for one group and individual physiotherapy for the other. Pre- and post-physiotherapy tests were conducted for both groups. We used Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and General Health Questionnaire as a measurement tool, and to extract the results, we used multivariate analysis of variance.
Findings: Comparison of the means of the two groups at the end of the study showed that group physiotherapy is significantly better in reducing anxiety in SCI patients (P<0.01). However, individual physiotherapy has increased anxiety in these patients. In contrast, individual physiotherapy has been more effective than group physiotherapy in increasing general health of SCI patients.
Conclusion: Group physiotherapy, compared with individual physiotherapy, reduces the anxiety of patients but individual physiotherapy is more effective in increasing general health compared with group physiotherapy.