Aim: hospital personnel’s hands are considered as the most important way of transmission of pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and spore bacteria such as Clostridium. Wearing gloves correctly and in a standard way is an essential principle to prevent the surgical site infections. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of three gloves donning techniques on the contamination of operating room personnel’s sterile gloves and gown.
Material and Method: this research was a field trial study. 96 pairs of gloves were randomly and equally divided between three groups and three ways were determined to wear the gloves: open, closed-gloving techniques and open staff-assisted. After obtaining informed consents, three operating room personnel were selected according to the research objective and they were placed in the three groups. They were taught how to wear gloves and they were controlled in terms of wearing gloves standardly and correctly. After washing hands standardly and glitterbug powder was applied to them and the gown was worn, one of the three mentioned techniques was selected to wear the gloves by random allocation. Each techniques was repeated 32 times. One hour after surgery, the gloves and gown were taken off and contamination of them was checked by irradiation of UV and it was recorded in a related list. The data was analyzed using SPSS V.23 and performing analytical and descriptive statistical tests.
Results: in the closed-gloving techniques, the mean contamination of gloves was statistically less compared to two other techniques. The mean contamination in open staff-assisted was less compared to open-gloving technique (p-value < 0.05) (open-gloving technique: 157.34±64.15 VS closed-glovingtechnique: 58.02±34.34 and open staff-assisted: 86.22±45.48). Also, total mean contamination of gown (glitterbug powder) in open-gloving technique was significantly greater than closed-gloving technique and open staff-assisted (p-value < 0.05) (open-gloving technique: 221.92±104.08 VS closed-gloving technique: 121.14±133.21 and open staff-assisted technique: 72.72139.03).
Conclusion: according to the results, it is recommended that the policy and protocol of wearing gloves with open staff-assisted technique and closed-gloving technique are emphasized in order to reduce contamination more by operating room personnel. Also, more research is needed in this area.